25th anniversary of Berlin Wall coming down

By Alejandro Freixes, CCNN Head Writer

Berlin Wall
A 1986 photo of graffiti art on the West Berlin side of the Berlin Wall.

Long before Germany was an economic powerhouse, the Berlin Wall split the nation’s capital in half from 1961 to 1990, and this past Sunday was the 25th anniversary of its fall.

Germany was majorly crippled after its Nazi leader, Adolf Hitler, lost World War II in 1945. In the decades that followed, a Cold War burned hot between the Communist government of Soviet Russia and the USA, as they tried spreading their influence across the globe. Berlin became ground zero in a Cold War battle for the heart and soul of Europe, as Soviet-allied East Germany built a wall cutting off West Berlin.

After decades of division, USA President Ronald Reagan challenged Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev to “Tear down this wall!” in 1987, during a speech near the Berlin Wall. Two years later, on November 9th, the East German government announced that citizens could cross the wall, and its destruction was completed in 1992.

Featured image courtesy of Reagan White House Photographs. Image of Berlin Wall courtesy of Thierry Noir.