By Alejandro Freixes, CCNN Head Writer
Loretta Lynch was confirmed as the new USA Attorney General, becoming the first African-American woman to do so.
The Attorney General is the head of the USA’s Department of Justice and the chief law enforcement officer of the country, nominated by the president and confirmed by United States lawmakers in the Senate. Even though their name makes it sound like they’re leading an army of briefcase-wielding lawyers into war, their job is to enforce and interpret federal laws.
The very first Attorney General was Edmund Randolph, appointed in 1789 under the first USA president, George Washington. Randolph created the Virginia Plan, which suggested a separation of powers between the 3 branches of government: the law enforcing “executive” branch headed by the President, the law “judging” judicial branch led by the Supreme Court, and the “lawmaking” legislative branch that Congress oversees. Lynch will replace Eric Holder, who was the first African-American Attorney General.
Japan’s Prime Minister, Shinzo Abe, became the first Japanese PM to ever address both houses of the USA’s Congress last week.
During the joint session with the House of Representatives and the Senate, Abe spoke about the proposed Trans-Pacific Partnership. This trade agreement is being negotiated between 12 countries throughout the Asia-Pacific region, like the USA, Peru, Mexico, Japan, Canada, and Australia, and would focus on bringing economic prosperity to all involved.
Abe also apologized for Japan’s role in World War II, when it was allied with Nazi Germany and Italy as part of the Axis powers.
See, September 2 this year marks the 70th anniversary of the end of World War II, when the Allied forces of the USA, Britain, France, and others defeated the Axis forces. Japan was forced to surrender after the USA dropped 2 atomic bombs on the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, but now our countries are very good friends. Japan is currently the 3rd largest economy in the world, behind the USA and China, and the “Land of the Rising Sun” is known for its high-tech advances, delicious sushi, martial arts, anime, and origami.
Featured image courtesy of Speaker John Boehner on Flickr. Image of Lynch courtesy of International Business Times.