Monsoon season floods India and Nepal

By Casey Frye, CCNN Writer

Himalayan mountain range
As the winds get trapped by the Himalayan mountain range (the yellow region), they rise higher and become colder, until they blanket the land in heavy rainfall.

From July through September, moist winds from the Indian Ocean sweep over India and its northern neighbor, Nepal. They blow against the Himalayan mountain range, which is home to the planet’s highest peaks, forcing them to rise higher and become colder. All that moisture then falls to Earth as intense rains, in a seasonal weather phenomenon called a monsoon, which is currently causing destructive flooding in the region.

Officials in Nepal and India are gathering food and medical supplies to help the thousands of citizens left homeless by the rising waters that have swept across the countries. Over 100 people have tragically lost their lives, and dozens of villages are cut off from emergency aid. Roads are either damaged by swelling rivers and lakes or are completely underwater.

Refugees left without shelter are being fed rice and lentils by officials, who are flying supplies in via helicopter to the weather-stricken people. Earlier this month, the rains caused a huge landslide, which covered an entire village by Kathmandu, the capital of Nepal. See, heavy rainfall gets soaked up by soil and rock, which eventually pulls chunks of land down a slope. So, monsoon season tends to cause deadly landslides, by piling on large quantities of endless water on unstable mountain and hill sides.

Featured image courtesy of India Water Portal on Flickr. Image of monsoon diagram courtesy of Saravask on Wikipedia.